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2. The Synoptic Gospels and Acts (Part 1)

2.1 The Synoptic Problem

In this section, which is to lead us into a better understanding of the Synoptic Gospels, we will once again present, and deepen our understanding of, the Synoptic Question or the Synoptic Problem. We will present various solutions to the problem, or to put it another way, present various answers to the question.

2.2 The gospel and the Gospels

We had already mentioned the genre of “gospel” in our discussion of exegetical methods. What comprises this genre? Are there parallels? Where does the term ‘gospel’ even come from? If there really is only a single gospel of Jesus Christ (cf. Galatians 1: 11-12), then why are there four Gospels in the New Testament canon? Are there still other Gospels outside of the New Testament? These are the questions to which we will turn our attention in the following.

2.3 The Gospel of Mark 

Here we will become acquainted with the structure, content, and basic theological constructs of the Gospel of Mark.

2.4 The Gospel of Matthew   

In this section of chapter 2 we will deal with the structure, content, and basic theological constructs in the Gospel of Matthew. Here we will take a closer look at the background, the Sermon on the Mount, mission, the Old Testament in Matthew, special content, and the logia source in Matthew.